HPA N60 High Strength

HPA N60 High Strength - UNS S21800 - Alloy N60 HS - HS N60 Steel - Cold Worked N60

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Table of Contents
High Strength Mechanicals Datasheet
Chemistry Inventory
Applications General Data
Annealed Mechanical Properties Specifications
Physical Properties & Application Data Machining, Welding, & Processing

Our journey with high strength N60, a truly versatile all-purpose metal, began when we sought a high-strength cold work option for our rotary forge. By subjecting N60 to cold work using our rotary forges, we were able to refine its grain structure, resulting in an exceptional all-purpose material with remarkable properties. Unlike stainless steel 304, which experiences a rapid drop in ductility beyond the 1/2 hard temper, our N60 HS retains higher ductility even as we approach an impressive 230 ksi Ultimate Tensile Strength.

Moreover, our N60 at level 5 and beyond surpasses the strength of alloy 15-5 in H900 condition, while still preserving excellent corrosion resistance and unparalleled anti-seizing, anti-galling properties and even better strength to weight. For a comprehensive overview of our high-strength mechanical properties, please refer to the table below. N60 continues to prove itself as a superior choice, enabling our customers to achieve exceptional performance across a diverse range of applications.

Cold Worked High Strength N60 Table
HPA's Strength Spec. Ultimate Tensile Strength Min. Ksi (MPa) 0.2% OS Yield Strength Min. Ksi (MPa) Elong. 4xD Min. % Reduced Area Min. %
Level 1 HPA-MS-101 110 (758) 90 (620) 35 55
Level 2 HPA-MS-102 135 (930) 105 (724) 20 50
Level 3 HPA-MS-103 160 (1103) 130 (896) 15 45
Level 4 HPA-MS-104 180 (1241) 145 (999) 12 45
Level 5 HPA-MS-105 200 (1379) 180 (1241) 10 45

UTS = Ultimate Tensile Strength, YS = Yield Strength, OS = Offset

Typical annealed mechanical properties here.


View or download our Nitronic 60 datasheet here

Chemistry (same as N60)*

Min% Max%
Fe Bal.
Cr 16.0 17.0
Ni 8.00 8.50
Si 3.70 4.20
Mn 7.50 8.50
N 0.10 0.18
C 0.060 0.080
P 0.040
S 0.030
Mo 0.75
Cu 0.75
Ti 0.050
Al 0.020
B 0.0015
Nb 0.10
Sn 0.050
V 0.20
W 0.15
*Composition information provided by Electralloy's datasheet on Nitronic® 60, available here.

Typical Inventory

Round Bar, Plate, Fastener,


  • Actuators: high strength N60 actuators are one of the most sought functions for this material due its to non-galling properties with elevated mechanical properties
  • Orthodontics & Surgical Equipment: excellent corrosion resistance and non-galling properties with high strength mechanicals helps to ensure the highest quality surgical equipment
  • Bearings & Bushings: as berrylium copper is phased out, high strength N60 has become a safe, reliable choice for replacing old bearings
  • Fasteners: high strength fasteners are one of the best ways to apply N60 as the anti-galling paired with high strength helps to provide some of the best fasteners available
  • Pins: while used in roller prosthetics & chains to ensure a better fit and longevity of parts, high strength N60 has been used to replace bridge pins in infrastructure projects
  • Defense: the high strength of cold worked N60, reliable anti-galling properties, and availability has made high strength N60 a popular choice for many applications that require the utmost ability on land, sea, or in space
  • Rotation Disk: cams used in archery require precision and N60 can help to ensure a reliable performance each time

General Data

Nitronic 60 is a highly versatile and popular alloy known for its excellent combination of corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, and wear resistance. It is an austenitic stainless steel alloy with a high content of nitrogen, manganese, and chromium, which imparts its remarkable properties. The alloy's composition provides exceptional resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion, and general corrosion, making it well-suited for various challenging environments, including marine and chemical applications. Nitronic 60 also exhibits impressive high-temperature oxidation resistance, allowing it to maintain its structural integrity even in elevated temperature conditions. With its superior toughness and ductility, the alloy is easily formable and weldable, making it a preferred choice for a wide range of industries, such as aerospace, marine, and petrochemical.

The cold-worked high-strength variant of Nitronic 60 further enhances the mechanical properties of the alloy, making it even more resilient and durable. By subjecting the alloy to cold working processes, such as our rotary forge and draw bench, its grain structure is refined, resulting in improved tensile and yield strength. This high-strength variant of Nitronic 60 retains the corrosion resistance and other favorable characteristics of the base alloy while offering significantly higher strength levels. As a consequence, it finds extensive use in applications demanding greater structural integrity and load-bearing capacity. Industries and sectors requiring robust components like fasteners, actuators, and shafts benefit from this cold-worked high-strength version of Nitronic 60. Its ability to withstand extreme environments, coupled with enhanced mechanical performance, makes it an ideal material for critical applications where reliability and performance are paramount.

  • Fights galling and wear stronger than 304 / 316 SS.
  • Outstanding galling resistance at both ambient and elevated temperatures.
  • A very strong option for valve stems, seats, trim, fastening systems including nuts and bolts, screening, chain-driven systems, pins, bushings and roller bearings, and pump components such as wear rings and lobes.
  • Most effective wear and galling resistant alloy for bridge pins and other critical construction applications.
  • Low temperature toughness, & high charpy values at sub-zero temps compared to the A36 and A588 carbon steels commonly used.

Mechanical Properties

The typical properties listed can usually be provided in rounds, sheet, strip, plate, & custom forgings. We have the equipment to produce small quantities in special sizes to meet our customers’ specific needs. The table below shows Electralloy's Typical Room Temperature Tensile [Mechanical] Properties* of Nitronic® 60 Stainless Steel. For most common forms and exceptions, check out the datasheet linked underneath the table.

Size inch (mm) Cond. UTS ksi (MPa) YS ksi (MPa) Elong. % in 4XD Reduced Area % Rockwell Hardness
1” (25.4) Ø Anneal 103 (710) 60 (414) 64 74 95B
1-3/4” (44.4) Ø Anneal 101 (696) 56 (386) 62 73 100B
2-1/4” (57.2) Ø Anneal 101 (696) 60 (414) 60 76 100B
3” (76.2) Ø Anneal 113 (779) 65 (448) 55 67 97B
4-1/8” (104.8) Ø Anneal 106 (731) 56 (386) 57 67 95B
1/2"Ø & <1/2” (12.7)Ø AMS 5848 105 min. (724) 55 min. (379) 35 55 170-255 HB**
>1/2” (12.7)Ø AMS 5848 95 min. (655) 50 min. (344) 35 55 170-255 HB**

UTS = Ultimate Tensile Strength, YS = Yield Strength
*Data based on duplicate tests
**Data based on bars, please see spec. or call for more information

Link to Electralloy's datasheet/brochure on Nitronic® 60

Cold Worked High Strength N60 Table
HPA's Strength Spec. Ultimate Tensile Strength Min. Ksi (MPa) 0.2% OS Yield Strength Min. Ksi (MPa) Elong. 4xD Min. % Reduced Area Min. %
Level 1 HPA-MS-101 110 (758) 90 (620) 35 55
Level 2 HPA-MS-102 135 (930) 105 (724) 20 50
Level 3 HPA-MS-103 160 (1103) 130 (896) 15 45
Level 4 HPA-MS-104 180 (1241) 145 (999) 12 45
Level 5 HPA-MS-105 200 (1379) 180 (1241) 10 45

UTS = Ultimate Tensile Strength, YS = Yield Strength, OS = Offset

Common Specifications

Note that the specifications listed are common for this alloy but are for reference only and may be specific to a certain form. The specifications listed are not comprehensive nor indicative of any edition, revision, or similar such as an amendment. Please, reach out to our sales department to request the Material Test Report (MTR) or to confirm your required specifications.

Many of these standard specs listed have mechanical requirements that do not include the elevated mechanicals HPA offers for high strength N60, so proper quotation requires the acceptance of the clause "with exception to mechanicals." Speak with your sales rep to learn more about high strength N60 specifications.

Form Standard Specification
Identification UNS S21800
Bar AMS 5848, ASTM A276, ASME SA276
Cold Worked Bar HPA MS: 101, 102, 103, 104, 105 (properties here)
Sheet or Plate ASTM A240, ASME SA240
Fasteners ASTM A193 Grade B8S Class 1C, ASTM A194
Weld Wire N60W/ UNS S21880/ AWS A5.9 Class ER218
Medical ASTM F899

Galling Resistance

Galling is the tearing of metal surfaces which suddenly renders a component unserviceable. Galling is a major concern in two areas of application in particular – threaded assemblies and valve trim. A button and block galling test is commonly used to rank alloys for their galling tendencies. In the test procedure, a dead-lead weight is applied in a floor model Brinell Hardness Tester on two flat polished surfaces (10-20 microinches). The 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) diameter button is slowly rotated by hand 360 under the load and then examined for galling at a 7X magnification. If galling has not occurred, new specimens are tested at higher stresses until galling is observed. The threshold galling stress is selected as the stress midway between the highest nongalled stress and the stress where galling was first observed. Results are reproducible within +/- 2.5 ksi (18 MPa). However, this test should not be used for design purposes because of the many unknown variables in a particular application. The test has proven highly successful as a method of screening alloys for prototype service evaluation.

Elevated Temperature Galling Applications

N60 stainless steel has performed successfully in elevated temperature service for valve trim. Several austenitic stainless streels were evaluated as stems and bushings in an automotive emissions control butterfly valve. However, only N60 operated smoothly over the entire temperature range. The other alloys galled in the 800-1500 °F (427-816 °C) temperature range. Another application involved a 20-inch (508 mm) gate valve which opened and closed every 170 seconds at 750 °F (399 °C). N60 weld overlays on the seat and disk lasted 140 days without galling which would have quickly contaminated the process. A similar valve with Stellite® 6B hard faced trim lasted only 90 days.

Wear Resistance

Data shown in figure 1 was developed under the following test conditions: Taber Met-Abrader machine, 0.500 inch (12.7 mm) crossed 90 degrees cylinders, no lubricant, 16 pound (71 N) load, 105 RPM (and 415 RPM where noted), room temperature, 120 grit surface finish, 10,000 cycles, degreased in acetone, duplicate tests, weight loss corrected for density differences.

Taber Met-Abrader Crossed Cylinder Wear Test
Taber Met-Abrader Crossed Cylinder Wear Test
Figure 1 - Effect of Hardness on the
Wear of Heat Treatable Steels
N60 Effect of Hardness on the Wear of Heat Treatable Steels
Figure 2 - Effect on Load on the Wear of
N60 and Stellite 6B
N60 Effect on Load on the Wear of N60 and Stellite 6B
Figure 3 - Effect of Speed on Wear
N60 Effect of Speed on Wear
Figure 4 - Effect of Distance on Wear Resistance
of N60 Compared to Nickel and Cobalt Alloys
Effect of Distance on Wear Resistance of N60 Compared to Nickel and Cobalt Alloys
Figure 5 - Wear of Nitronic 60 and Stellite 31
N60 Wear of Nitronic 60 and Stellite 31

Elevated Temperature Wear

The elevated temperature wear resistance of N60 is excellent despite the alloy’s relatively low hardness when compared with cobalt and nickel-base wear alloys. To minimize wear, NITRONIC 60 relies on a thin adherent oxide film and a high strain-hardening capacity to support the film. N60 also performs well in metal-to-metal wear in nominally inert atmospheres.

Figure 6 - Effect of Temperature on Wear
N60 Effect of Temperature on Wear

Fretting Wear

Fretting wear is caused by high loads at very small slip amplitudes (40 µm), such as found in vibrating components. N60 exhibits fretting wear at 1112 °F (600 °C) similar to 718 which has been found to be one of the most fretting resistant alloys at this temperature.

Cavitation Erosion

Cavitation erosion resistance of N60 is superior to the austenitic stainless steels as well as high strength duplex (ferritic austenitic) stainless steels. It approaches the cobalt-base alloys which are considered among the most cavitation resistant alloys available.

N60 stainless steel has proven highly successful for wear rings in vertical centrifugal pumps. The combination of N60 and N50 stainless steel steels have replaced some cobalt wear alloys as they offer outstanding wear and corrosion protection. N60 stainless steel has also been cased up to 8550 lbs for water pump impellers where CA-6NM has proven inadequate. It is anticipated that the excellent galling resistance, cavitation erosion resistance, and good castability of N60 stainless steel will make it an ideal choice for turbine runners, especially with integral case wear rings.

Corrosion Resistance

The general corrosion resistance of N60 stainless steel falls between that of Types 304 and 316. However, experience shows that in a wear system, a galling or seizing failure occurs first. Followed by dimensional loss due to wear and finally corrosion. Galling and wear must be the first concerns of the design engineer. Although the general corrosion resistance of N60 is not quite as good as Type 316, it does offer better chloride pitting resistance, stress corrosion cracking resistance, and crevice corrosion resistance. Corrosion tests are not normally performed on N60 HS.

Figure 7 - Seawater Corrosion Resistance
Seawater Corrosion Resistance

Seawater Corrosion Resistance

When exposed for 6 months in quiet seawater at ambient temperature, N60 stainless steel exhibited far better crevice corrosion resistance than Type 304 and slightly better resistance than Type 316 stainless steels. These tests were run on duplicate specimens and all grades were exposed simultaneously.

High Strength (HS) Bar Properties

N60 stainless steel bars are also available in a high strength condition attained by special cold processing techniques. Because high strength is produced by cold working, hot forging or welding operations cannot be performed on this material without loss of strength. Aqueous corrosion resistance may also be lessened to varying degrees, depending upon the environment.


Nitronic® 60 stainless steel is readily welded using conventional joining processes. Autogenous welds made using the Gas Tungsten-Arc process are sound, with wear characteristics approximating those of the unwelded base metal. Heavy weld deposits made using the Gas Metal-Arc process and the matching weld filler are also sound with tensile strengths slightly above those of the unwelded base metal. Wear properties are near yet slightly below those of the base metal.

The use of Nitronic® 60 stainless steel for weld overlay on most other stainless steels and certain carbon steels develops sound deposits having properties about equal to that of an all weld deposit.

The American Welding Society has included Nitronic 60W bare wire in AWS A5.9 as ER 218 alloy.

General Welding

Nitronic® 60 is an austenitic stainless steel and can be handled in the weld shop like AISI 304 and 316. No preheat or post-weld heat treatments are considered necessary other than the normal stress relief used in heavy fabrication. The nature of Nitronic® 60 applications suggests that most uses would occur in the as-welded condition except where corrosion resistance is a consideration.

Fillerless fusion welds (autogenous) have been made using the gas tungsten arc process. The STA welds are free from cracking and have galling and cavitation resistance similar to the unwelded base metal. Heavy weld deposits made using the gas metal arc process are sound and exhibit higher strength than the unwelded base metal. The metal-to-metal wear resistance of the GMA welds is slightly lower than the base metal heat resistance. Detailed test results of weld metal properties are listed in Table 5 of the Nitronic® 60 product data bulletin.

Although no first-hand dissimilar weld data is available from our Armco welding laboratories, past experience suggests that Nitronic® 60 can be welded to both AISI 316 and 400 series stainless steels with Type 309 welding wire. The usual handling procedure for welding 400 series alloys would probably dictate fabricating sequence in many cases, but most specific applications require individual fabrication plans.

Repair Welding of N60 Castings

A simulated repair weld has been completed on a 4”x 9”x 9” section of as-cast Nitronic® 60. The welded joint was prepared by manually air-carbon-arc gouging a “V” groove and then grinding to remove carbon deposits. Developmental AMAW electrodes were used under the following conditions:

Welding current 130-140 Amps
Welding Voltage 26-28
Travel Speed About 8-10”/min.
Preheat Temp. Room Temp
Interpass Temp. 300°F Max.
Post Weld Heat Treat None
Electrode Diameter 5/32”
Groove Depth 1 to 1.25”

After cooling to room temperature, the weldment was sectioned in several locations and dye penetrant inspected. No evidence of cracking was observed in any section.

N60 Weld Overlay of Wrought and Cast Steels

Bare wire, .062” diameter, is the most common size available for use with any filler added process that uses an inert gas shield like Gas Metal Arc, Gas Tungsten Arc, Plasma Arc, Laser, etc. The Gas Metal Arc Process may be used in any one of three modes for overlay welding; spray arc, shorting arc, and pulse arc.

While the use of any inert gas shielded process is considered applicable for deposition, the metallurgical considerations pose a serious limitation. For example, the Gas Tungsten Arc Process with a cold wire feed is not recommended because of the inherent high base dilution effects that make it virtually impossible to get a sound overlay, even with sub layer practices. The hot wire version of the Gas Tungsten Arc Process may work if properly controlled. Very high arc current to hot wire current ratios would have to be used to get a low base dilution (should be 25% or less). The intergranular corrosion resistance of Nitronic® 60 as a weld overlay on AISI 304 appears satisfactory even in the as deposited condition.


Link to Electralloy's datasheet/brochure on Nitronic® 60

Nitronic® is a registered trademark of Cleveland-Cliffs Steel Corp, successor to AK Steel.

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